PA-7100/PA-7150 (PCX-T) processor
The PA-7100 was the first PA-RISC processor to integrate the Integer ALU and FPU on a single die. It was introduced in 1992, with the enhanced PA-7150 in 1994. The design of the integer units is close to the PA-7000 but modified to scale to higher clock speeds. The previously external FPU was a new design and moved on chip, taking about one third of the transistor count. The link between the PA-7100 and its instruction cache was doubled in width compared to the PA-7000. The PA-7100 is a superscalar processor that is able to issue two separate instructions at a time. It was used in a large range of 1990s HP 9000 workstations and servers.
Multi-processor systems could be designed with two astrategies: either two PA-7100s attach to a shared PBus and one Viper Memory and I/O Controller, or each PA-7100 is attached to its own MIOC, which in turn is attached to a shared memory and I/O bus with the other PA-7100/MIOCs.
The PA-7150 is a PA-7100 with tweaks to the core and cache subsystem to allow clock frequencies up to 125 MHz.
- PA-RISC version 1.1b, 32-bit architecture, multi-processor capable, 2-way superscalar
- Two functional units: 1 integer ALUs, 1 FPU
- Five-stage pipeline
- 3-instruction queue
- TLB: 120-entry fully associative; BTLB: 16-entry
- Cache up to 1 MB instruction and 2 MB data L1, in asynchronous standard SRAMs
- CPU, FPU, MMU and cache controller on one chip, memory and I/O controller Viper MIOC, off-chip
- PBus processor bus, 32-bit, from processor to the Memory and I/O Controller MIOC
- Up to to 100 MHz, 125 MHz on the PA-7150, clock speed with 5.0 V core voltage
- 14.0×14.0 mm2 die, 850,000 FETs, 0.8µ, 3-layer metal CMOS26B in a 504-pin ceramic PGA, 30W power at 100 MHz
- HP 9000 715, 725, 735, 755, 742i, 745i, 747i workstations
- HP 9000 G50, G60, G70, H50, H60, H70, I50, I60, I70 servers
- HP 9000 T500, T520 mainframes
- Convex SPP1000/CD, SPP1000/XA mainframes
- Hitachi 3050RX 220, 230, 310S, 320, 330, 430, 440, 9000V V735/125, VT500 workstations
- Stratus Continuum 610S, 610, 615S, 615, 620, 625, 1220, 1225, 1245 mainframes
- A 200 MFLOP HP PA-RISC Processor (.pdf) W. Jaffe, B. Miller, J. Yetter (1992: Hewlett Packard. Proceedings of IEEE Hot Chips IV)
- Multiprocessor Features in a PA-RISC Processor Interface Chip (.pdf) T. Alexander et al (1992: Hewlett Packard. Proceedings of IEEE Hot Chips IV)
- Évolution des gammes de processeurs MIPS, DEC Alpha, PowerPC, SPARC, x86 et PA-RISC (PDF) André Seznec and Thierry Lafage (INRIA: June 1997)