|Caches||64-256 KB L1|
|RAM||128 MB(/60, /80)
192 MB (/100)
|Bandwidth||Cache 480 MB/s
System 128 MB/s
The HP 9000 712 workstations were a new,
low-cost approach from HP for PA-RISC workstations and the second
pizza-box sized system after the 705 and 710 workstations.
The design goal from HP for the 32-bit HP 9000/712 workstation was to reach performance levels of 1992-era workstations and servers such HP 9000 735 workstation, at a fraction of their fabrication costs. Everything is rather simplified and small, the case is one of the smallest Unix workstation cases, similar to the Sun SPARCstation 10 and 20 cases.
The 712 workstation was one of the so-called
pizza-box computers of that era and was geared towards graphical user interfaces with the X Window environment.
Use cases were 2D graphics and multimedia design, for which it had hardware accelerators.
The HP 9000 712 and its architecture was the basis for other systems — the newer, LASI-based 715 workstations were very similar, the SAIC Galaxy 1100, the first PA-RISC portable, was based on it as well as some measurement and control computers, such as the Agilent HP 16505A Prototype Analyzer.
The 712 became hugely popular in the 1990s in technical disciplines as well as in graphics, software and early (90s!) multi-media development. Especially the 712/60 was competitively priced during that time as an entry-level RISC Unix system, compared both to HP offerings as well as Unix RISC computers from the competition.
In the US Navy TAC-4 program for tactical computers from the mid-1990s, the HP 9000 712 was used widely as
TAC-4 Desktop Computer throughout the US Navy and military vessels, together with other PA-RISC systems from the TAC-4 contract.
In the civilian world, the HP 9000 712 workstations later on became very popular in the hobbyist and open source scene of the 2000s due to their wide distribution and handy size that could easily be used at home.
|712/60||PA-7100LC||60 MHz||1 KB on-chip and 64 KB off-chip|
|712/80||PA-7100LC||80 MHz||1 KB on-chip and 256 KB off-chip|
|712/100||PA-7100LC||100 MHz||1 KB on-chip and 256 KB off-chip|
- LASI integrated chipset
- (Integrated) NCR 53C710 8-bit single-ended SCSI-2
- (Integrated) Intel 82596CA 10 Mbit Ethernet controller
- (Integrated) Harmony CD/DAT quality 16-bit stereo audio
- Artist graphics, 8-bit
- (Integrated) Other I/O (serial, parallel, Flopyy)
» View a system-level ASCII-illustration of the chipset.
- GSC system level I/O bus (128 MB/s)
- SCSI-2 single-ended bus
- 72-pin ECC SIMMs
- Takes 8-32 MB modules
- Either 4 memory sockets, on 712/60 and /80 models, or 6, on 712/100
- 16 MB minimum, 128 MB/192 MB maximum
- Memory has to be installed in pairs, starting from slot 0, the closest slot to the drives.
- VRAM expansion slot for:
- A2263-66520M - Video RAM expansion for higher resolutions/more colors
- One slot for a GIO card, a special formfactor GSC bus card only used in the 712, with the following cards available:
- A2878A - second video
- A4011A - 8025 Token Ring interface
- A4011B - 8025 Token Ring interface
- A4013A - second serial port
- A4014A - second Ethernet LAN (AUI+TP) and serial port.
- A4015A - second serial & X25 link
- A4217A - second Ethernet LAN (AUI+TP) & second VGA
- TAMS 50488 - HP-IB interface
- One slot for a TSIO card, a special formfactor GSC card for the Teleshare expansion slot, with only one card offered:
- A4012A - Teleshare POTS interface with two RJ11C jacks
- SCSI 3.5″ Fast-Narrow SE 50-pin hard drive
- 3.5″ Floppy drive with special connector
- SCSI-2 50-pin Fast-Narrow single-ended
- Serial RS232C DB9, up to 115200 baud
- Parallel DB25
- Ethernet RJ45
- Ethernet AUI 15-pin
- VGA HD15
- Two PS/2 connectors for keyboard & mouse
- Three phone jacks (microphone, headphones and line-in)
- NeXTSTEP (the NeXTSTEP PA-RISC port was designed for the HP 9000 712)
- Research: HPBSD
- (With issues) Research: Mach 4/Lites
- Research: MkLinux
- Research: OSF MK-PA
|Model||SPEC92, int||SPEC92, fp||SPEC95, int||SPEC95, fp||SPEC95
- Model 712 Technical Reference (PDF, 3.7 MB, Hewlett Packard 1995)
- Model 712 Service Handbook (PDF, 4.4 MB, Hewlett Packard 1995)
- HP 9000 Model 712 Overview (PDF, HP Journal 4/95)
- Design of the Model 712’s I/O subsystem (LASI) (PDF, HP Journal 4/95)
- Product design of the Model 712 (PDF, HP Journal 4/95)
- In addition to the above almost the whole HP Journal April 1995 Issue deals with the 712 workstation.
- Product Brief HP 9000 Models 712/60, 712/80, and 712/100 Workstations (PDF, 88 KB, Hewlett Packard)
- First NeXT RISCWorkstation: Our first look at NEXTSTEP on HP's low-cost pizza box, NeXTWORLD, April 1994
- HP 9000 Series 700 Model 712/60 and 712/80i Workstations, Hewlett-Packard, 12/1993, 5091-9780E
There is an firmware update available for the 712, which contains the latest version 2.3.
- PF_C7120023.txt has details about the contents and installation of the patch.
- PF_C7120023 contains the patch.
- NetBSD 712 serial console HOWTO, instructions to configure 712s to use serial console (i.e., run headless)
- Pinout for the AUI/RS232 Y-cable for the optional second Ethernet/serial card.
Pictures © Hewlett Packard, scans from product brochures, from hpmuseum.net and 1000bit.it