PA-RISC information - since 1999

HP N4000 (rp7400)

Quick Facts
Introduced 1999-2001
Period Maturity (III)
Series Lettered/Integrity
CPU 1-8 PA-8500/
1-8 PA-8600/
1-8 PA-8700
360-750 MHz
Caches 1.5-2.25 MB L1
RAM 32 GB
Design Stretch
Drives 2 SCSI
Expansion 12 PCI
Bandwidth System 4.2 GB/s
CPU 17 GB/s
Mem 8.5 GB/s
I/O 6.4 GB/s
XBAR 15.3 GB/s
I/O SCSI
3 serial
100E
100E console

The N4000 were mid-range PA-RISC servers with up to eight processors. They were the original HP 9000 N4000 from the turn of the century, soon renamed rp7400. This first N4000 (rp7400) is based the Stretch system architecture, also used in L1500 and L3000 (rp5430/rp5470) that mirrored design from parallel HP Itanium (IA64) platforms.

HP N-Class
© Hewlett Packard 1999

The N4000 were released in the middle of the dot-com boom between 1999 and 2000, and sold as Server for the Internet-Age. Marketing focused on these e-commerce and web-ready features, including QoS, control and security for the Web, on-demand capacity management. HP claimed the HP 9000 N-Class servers give you more of what you need to meet for new Internet business paradigm which is having an enormous impact on enterprise IT systems--more applications, more users, and more traffic than ever before. (2000!)

Itanium 2/IA64 processors were planned on the N4000 but apparently never offered (board-upgradeable to IA-64).

N4000s were shipped in two models with different system boards: A3639A and A3639B. The N4000 that was later renamed rp7400 was shipped with another different mainboard and model number A3639C.

Model rp Product Introduced Price
N4000 A3639A
A3639B
1999 $48,000
rp7400 A3639C 2001

Later rp7405 and rp7410 servers were also labeled N4000 and feature a similar set of I/O options and expandability in basically the same chassis, with a completely different system architecture, Cell platform, also used for Itanium rx/zx computers.

System architecture

Processors

The rp7400 N4000 supports one to eight processors, designated by the [-36, -44, …, -7X] suffix. Not all of the earlier N4000 support the later processors and the maximum number of CPUs.

Model Suffix CPU Speed L1 Cache
N4000 A3639A -36
-44
1-8 PA-8500
1-8 PA-8500
360 MHz
440 MHz
512/1024 KB on-chip
512/1024 KB on-chip
N4000 A3639B -36
-44
-5X
1-8 PA-8500
1-8 PA-8500
1-8 PA-8600
360 MHz
440 MHz
550 MHz
512/1024 KB on-chip
512/1024 KB on-chip
512/1024 KB on-chip
rp7400 A3639C -36
-44
-5X
-6X
-7X
1-8 PA-8500
1-8 PA-8500
1-8 PA-8600
1-8 PA-8700
1-8 PA-8700
360 MHz
440 MHz
550 MHz
650 MHz
750 MHz
512/1024 KB on-chip
512/1024 KB on-chip
512/1024 KB on-chip
768/1536 KB on-chip
768/1536 KB on-chip

Chipset

The rp7400 system is based on the Stretch chipset, used in the L1500 and L3000 (rp5430/rp5470) servers as well. Stretch has four main components:

  1. Prelude memory controller, is the main crossbar of the system
  2. Four DEW Runway converters, attach the processors to the main buses
  3. Two IKE I/O controllers connect the PCI bridges via I/O channels
  4. 14 Elroy PCI bridges (LBAs) convert the IKE I/O to PCI buses

The rest of the system is implemented with common parts:

» View a system-level illustration (ASCII) of the N4000’s system/bus architecture.

System buses

The system bus architecture provides more bandwidth than could be used under practical circumstances. The designers probably counted on future CPU upgrades, such as Itanium.

Memory

Expansion slots

Storage

External ports

Operating systems

Benchmarks

Model SPECrate95, int SPECrate95, fp SPEC2000, int SPEC2000, fp SPEC2000
rate, int
SPEC2000
rate, fp
N4000-36 215
4-CPU: 830
8-CPU: 1650
355
4-CPU: 1055
8-CPU: 1720
N4000-44 306
4-CPU: 1209
8-CPU: 2408
462
4-CPU: 1495
8-CPU: 2075
N4000-5X 376
4-CPU: 1479
8-CPU: 2939
528
4-CPU: 1682
8-CPU: 2336
N4000-6X
rp7400
493 489 5.7
2-CPU: 11.3
4-CPU: 22.1
8-CPU: 42.6
5.7
2-CPU: 10.4
4-CPU: 19.3
8-CPU: 30.5
N4000-7X
rp7400
551 524 6.4
2-CPU: 12.5
4-CPU: 24.6
8-CPU: 46.7
6.1
2-CPU: 11.0
4-CPU: 20.5
8-CPU: 32.1

References

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